Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve. So it was ordained by Him on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth. Of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong yourselves not therein…
— Surah at-Tawbah [Holy Quran, 9:36]
In Tafsir Ibn Kathir, it is stated that Allah gives more weight to whichever of His commands He will, and has elevated in rank certain things above others. He has chosen most elevated from among the angels messengers, and from among mankind prophets. He has chosen as best from among speech dhikr, the remembrance of He. He has chosen best from among places upon the earth the mosques. He has preferred from among the months Ramadan and the Four Sacred Months, from among the days, Friday, and from among the nights Laylatul Qadr. So honor that which Allah has told us to honor, for people of understanding and wisdom honor that which Allah has honored.
[Summarized from the Tafsir Ibn Kathir]
Significance of the Day of Ashura
The word ashura literally means the “tenth day,” and some scholars of Islam have suggested that in addition to falling upon the tenth of Muharram, the Day of Ashura is also the tenth most honored and noble day that Allah Almighty has graced and blessed humanity with.
The following historical and spiritual events are reported as having taken place on the Day of Ashura.
- Allah Almighty accepted the repentance of Adam (as).
- Allah Almighty saved Noah (as) and his Companions upon the ark.
- Allah Almighty extinguished the fire of Nimrod into which Abraham (as) had been thrown.
- Allah Almighty spoke directly to Moses (as) and gave him the Ten Commandments.
- The Prophet Job, Ayub (as), was healed and restored to health.
- The Prophet Joseph, Yusuf (as), was reunited with his father Jacob, Yaqub (as).
- The Prophet Jonah, Yunus (as), was emancipated from the belly of the fish.
- Allah Almighty divided the sea, rescuing Moses (as) and his people from the tyranny and oppression of Pharaoh.
- Prophet David (as) was forgiven.
- Jesus (as) was raised up to heaven and spared death on the cross.
- Husayn (as), the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad (saws), achieved the honor of martyrdom at the Battle of Karbala in 61 AH.